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Ely > King William IV
King William IV
Picture source: Darkstar
The King William IV was situated at 29 Lynn
Road. This grade-II listed building is now in residential use.
A former timber-framed house of
probable C17 date, altered and subdivided into two cottages in the
late-C18/early-C19, with later-C19 alterations as a public house. It was
converted into a single dwelling in the late C20.
MATERIALS: of painted brick and stone with brick gable end stacks and a roof
of clay tiles.
PLAN: it is aligned north to south with a rectangular plan.
EXTERIOR: the building stands at the corner of Lynn Road and Egremont Street
and is of one-and-a-half storeys. Its principal elevation to Lynn Road is of
late-C18/early-C19 brick with a double cogged eaves between corbelled
brackets, a deep plinth and five six-over-six sashes in flush cased frames.
The central window is wider and is possibly set within a former C17 doorway
while the two flanking windows are set within former segmental-headed
doorways of late-C18/early-C19 date. To the attic there are two gabled
dormers with two-light casements with square-paned glazing.
The north gable end to Egremont Street is comprised of uncoursed stone
rubble to the lower section with brick above. A date stone in the apex of
the gable is inscribed 'DB / 1987' and records the partial rebuilding of the
gable in the late C20. Adjoining the right-hand side is the northern end of
an outshut addition which was built against the west side in the later C19.
It has a vertical-rectangular casement with square-paned glazing and a plank
and batten door, both late C20.
The west face of the C19 addition has a central doorway containing a
late-C20 panelled door. It is flanked on its right-hand side by two, small,
square casement windows and on its left by two rectangular casements, one
vertically aligned and one horizontally aligned. All have square-paned
glazing. The attic has a gabled dormer at the centre with a uPVC three-light
mullion window. All the windows are late-C20 replacements.
INTERIOR: the ground floor of the C17 range, which was originally of three
bays, comprises an off-centre staircase passage with a large room on the
south side and a smaller room on the north. It is believed that the
north-side room and staircase passage occupy the original northern bay while
the larger southern room occupies the former central and southern bays of
the C17 building. A spine beam, comprised of at least three large pieces of
timber, runs through the centre of the ground floor in a north-south
alignment. It is transversed by three centrally placed cross beams of which
the central and northern beams, which are unchamfered and roughly finished,
are partly concealed by the later partition walling which forms the
staircase passage. Both of these beams are supported by late-C20 salvaged
timber posts. The spine beam in the southern room is comprised of at least
two pieces of timber. In the northern part of the room (the former central
bay), the spine beam is roughly chamfered and is unstopped where its south
end meets the southernmost cross beam. The southern spine beam, which runs
from the southern cross beam to a bracket set within the late-C18/early-C19
chimney stack in the south gable wall, is also roughly chamfered with no
stops at either end. Both spine beams have joists extending east and west of
them. These are irregularly spaced and sized, and roughly finished. In the
central bay there is a further beam running parallel with the spine beam in
the centre of the east side. Also roughly finished with no evidence of a
chamfer, its exact function is unknown. A series of residual lap joints on
the south side of the southernmost cross beam probably indicate the position
of a former partition. Built against the south gable wall is a
late-C18/early-C19 fireplace and chimney stack. It has a large opening
formed of brick with a timber bressumer with residual mortises on its the
outer face indicating that it is a piece of salvaged timber. Within the
fireplace, on the rear wall, there are two niches, while the north side
contains a bread oven. To the left-hand side of the fireplace is a cupboard
with a plank and batten door. A shallow scoop in the outer wall of the
building indicates that this was possibly the position of a former
In the northern room the spine beam is largely boxed in and is supported on
a boxed in post sitting against the north gable wall. At the northernmost
end a section of the boxing has been removed to reveal a chamfered beam with
run out stops. On the east side of the beam there are residual mortises for
the former ceiling joists; two joists from this ceiling bay still survive in
the staircase passage. To the west wall there is a former C19 serving hatch,
now blocked up, while the former fireplace which stood against the north
gable wall was removed in the late C20. The C19 outshut on the west side,
added when the building was converted into a public house, comprises a
late-C20 kitchen (the former servery) on the north side and a late-C20
bathroom (the former toilets) on the south. Both these rooms, along with the
attic storey, which was largely reconfigured in the late C20, retain no
historic fixtures and fittings of interest. The roof structure, which is
concealed by late-C20 plasterboard, is a late-C20 replacement, and is
therefore of considerably less interest.
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